Saint-Petersburg - the capital of the Tsarist Empire for two centuries - is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world, though in terms of world history it is a young city. Only three centuries have past since its first structures were raised on the banks of the Neva River, but during this period Saint Petersburg has been forming as the "eternal city", whose beauty and harmony are unrivalled. Saint Petersburg sense of its own identity owes to its origins and to the interweaving of myth and reality throughout its history.
Saint-Petersburg, having the total area of 1440 square kilometers, is the most important and largest city in Russia after Moscow. It is situated on the coast of the Gulf of Finland in the delta of the Neva River and has a very favorable geographical position, which predetermined the city's life as an important center of transport and trade communications. Being located at 60 degrees North latitude, 30 degrees East longitude, Saint-Petersburg has a humid and maritime climate with warm summers and long cold winters.St.Petersburg is a huge architectural museum. Saint-Petersburg is often referred to as "the Palmyra of the North".
Few people know that the Metro actually appeared before the car and tram. In the late 19th century, smoky steam engines pulled trains around Metro systems in London and Chicago. It would have been possible to set up a similar system in St. Petersburg. Distinguished engineers discussed various ideas for the St. Petersburg underground train system. There was much debate in the papers regarding the advantages and disadvantages of these projects and proposed routes. One of the first projects proposed connecting SemenovskiyPlatz (Vitebskiy, then Tsarskoselskiy Train Station) with what is now ChernayaRechka. So the ideas of previous generations didn't go to waste. But these plans were not to be. The first Metro train in the Northern Capital only started on its way in November of 1955.
Construction of the first Leningrad Metro line was interrupted by World War Two. However, as early as 1944, some of the designers and construction workers were withdrawn from the front even before the war was over. Thus, the construction of the Leningrad underground train system actually began as a military objective. After little more than a decade, the underground route between Avtovo and PloschadVosstaniya was opened. This was not just a transport link. Local residents still remembered the bombardments of the war when they entered the underground palaces of the new Metro stations. These creations served as long-awaited visible evidence of the new peaceful life in which there was no place left for sadness and despondency over the recent losses.
After many years of reliable and on-time train service the St. Petersburg Metro today is a modern underground city scattered with blue express trains.
The Metro connects the historic city centre to the once-forgotten city outskirts. The blue Metro trains have become a symbol of new adult life for many people. Three generations of St. Petersburg residents have arranged meetings at Metro stations marked with a blue letter "M".
In year 2016, the Metro system consisted of 67 stations More than 1,600 train cars on five lines transport 2.3 million St. Petersburg residents and city guests a day. The Metro system employs some 15,000 people who serve the underground train railroad carefully and reliably.
The St. Petersburg Metro system is not only a complex transport facility; it is a living, developing organism that has been called to serve many generations of this great city.